(This page revised July 29, 2021)
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The height of ordinary minuscules. Of interest primarily to calligraphers as a reference in choosing nib sizes. The x-height is determined by the height of the meanline above the baseline and is frequently the distance between the baseline and the head line. See also baseline, head line, majuscule, meanline, minuscule.
1 A capillary-filling pen with a hooded nib, sold by Waterman in the late 1950s; supposedly, it was Waterman’s attempt to compete with the Parker 61. Produced in a variety of models at various trim levels by Jif-Waterman of France, the X-Pen (first model illustrated below) was the last pen sold by the U.S. Waterman company. Read a profile of the X-Pen here. See also filler, JiF. 2 (X-Pen International Ltd) A pen manufacturing company located in Tel Aviv, Israel; founded in 2003. The company’s ballpoints, fountain pens, and rollerballs are mostly all metal, with relatively few resin models. Internal components are sourced from well-known manufacturers worldwide to ensure quality. Styling is distinctly modern; even the company logo features a bird in flight as the letter X.
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