Profile: Sheaffer’s Touchdown TM

(This page revised June 22, 2012)

Reference Info Index | Glossopedia  ]


Touchdown TM Advertisement, 1951 Magnifying glass
This 1951 adver­tise­ment claims that the new TM writing instru­ments outdate all others!

Manufacturer logoBy the end of the 1940s, Sheaffer’s plunger-type filling system (Vacuum-Fil) was getting very long in the tooth. It was also expensive to repair, and although Sheaffer had ceased offering its “unconditional” Lifetime warranty shortly after World War II, the “wire pens,” as Sheaffer’s repair people called them in reference to the wire-like plunger shaft, were no fun. Sheaffer needed something new.

In a classic example of the famous adage that there’s nothing new under the sun, the company turned to a design that had made its appearance about 20 years earlier: Chilton’s second model from about 1927. The advantages of a sac-filling pen that worked with the same single-stroke action as a plunger filler must have been very appealing: it would be simpler to manufacture and easier to repair, and it would not require Sheaffer to retrain its millions of loyal users.

Sheaffer’s contribution to the technology was an ingenious solution to the problem Chilton had wrestled with, the need to allow air into the pen on the upstroke and then compress that air on the downstroke. Simple, reliable, and cheap to manufacture, Sheaffer’s design (U.S. Patent Nº 2,610,612) remained in the company’s product line into the latter half of the 1960s.

Sheaffer introduced its new Touchdown pens in 1949. Externally, these pens looked no different from their plunger-filling predecessors. These “fat” Touchdowns were Sheaffer’s shortest-lived product; just one year later, in 1950, Sheaffer replaced the model with a torpedo-shaped “skinny” version that was more in tune with the times, called the TM (Thin Model). Advertising for the TM emphasized the pen’s pencil-thin profile; the Touchdown filler was by then old news. Shown here are a 1949 Touchdown Sentinel and a Touchdown TM Sentinel; note the distinct difference in girth:

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Fountain pen Magnifying glass

Touchdown TM Models: A Pen for Everyone’s Taste and Pocketbook

In addition to the Sentinel above, the Touchdown TM appeared in a broad range of models, from the bargain-priced Craftsman, the last holdover with the postwar “wire” cap band, to the extravagant Masterpiece, with its solid 14K gold cap and barrel and Sheaffer’s best 14K two-tone “TRIUMPH” point. Shown here, from top to bottom, are a Crest Deluxe, a Signature, a Valiant, an Admiral, and a Craftsman.

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Fountain pen Magnifying glass
Fountain pen Magnifying glass
Fountain pen Magnifying glass
Fountain pen Magnifying glass

Interestingly, the Admiral and Craftsman are built to a design different from that of the other models. Lacking the metal thread ring that Sheaffer applied to the line’s better models, these two pens are fatter, more cigar shaped than their more expensive siblings. The Craftsman, in fact, is styled the same as the lever-filling Craftsman of the latter 1940s, and it was the last holdout of the “wire band” pens that had appeared immediately after World War II. Internally, the construction of all Touchdown TM models is the same.


Touchdown TM Models and Features
Model Barrel Cap Band Nib White Dot Clip

Masterpiece 14K Gold, vertical lines 9K, 14K, or 18K Gold, vertical lines 14K 2T “TRIUMPH” Smooth
Crest Masterpiece Plastic, choice of colors 14K gold 14K 2T “TRIUMPH” Smooth
Triumph GF GF 14K 2T “TRIUMPH” Smooth
Autograph Plastic, black Plastic, black 14K 19/32" 14K 2T “TRIUMPH” 14K Smooth
Signature Plastic, choice of colors Plastic, choice of colors 14K 3/8" 14K 2T “TRIUMPH” Smooth
Crest Deluxe Plastic, choice of colors GF 14K 2T “TRIUMPH” Smooth
Sentinel Deluxe Plastic, choice of colors Polished SS, vertical lines GF 3/16" 14K 2T “TRIUMPH” Smooth
Valiant Plastic, choice of colors Plastic, choice of colors GF 3/8" 14K 2T “TRIUMPH” Smooth
Statesman Plastic, choice of colors Plastic, choice of colors GF 1/4" 14K 2T No. 5 Smooth
Sovereign Plastic, choice of colors Polished SS, vertical lines (grps
of 3, middle line wavy)
14K 2T No. 5 Smooth
Admiral Plastic, choice of colors Plastic, choice of colors GF narrow inset 14K No. 5 Sheaffer’S
Craftsman Plastic, choice of colors Plastic, choice of colors Wire 14K No. 33 Sheaffer’S

The End Came Quickly — But Not Permanently

In 1952, Sheaffer replaced the Touchdown TM with the revolutionary (but much more complicated) Snorkel, whose external design is virtually identical to that of the Touchdown TM, only elongated a small amount to accommodate the additional Snorkel filling mechanism. In a way, this change is too bad, because the Touchdown TM offered a superb writing experience, excellent quality, and simplicity.

But good ideas die hard, and thus with the Touchdown. In the early 1960s, to provide a lower-priced line to accompany the radically new PFM, Sheaffer introduced the Imperial series. Styled like the PFM but narrower, the Imperial was offered in styles ranging from cartridge fillers to Touchdowns that shared some parts with their decade-earlier forebears, from pens with resin caps and barrels to pens with sterling silver and vermeil caps and barrels. Shown here is a representative sampling of Touchdown Imperials:

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Fountain pen Magnifying glass
Fountain pen Magnifying glass

At a Glance

For the modern collector, distinguishing a Touchdown TM from a Snorkel takes more than a casual glance. (Because the Snorkel was produced in far greater numbers than the Touchdown TM, it’s easy to assume that any pen that looks like a Snorkel must be a Snorkel.) There are a few features, however, that make the job easier even if you can’t see the underside of the nib (where the Snorkel tube is an instant identifier):

Touchdown TM Colors

In 1947, Sheaffer switched its pen production from celluloid (Radite) to an injection-moldable cellulosic plastic called Radite II; for more information on Radite II, see Radite (definition 2) in the Glossopedia. The company offered its pens in the dark and relatively sedate “primary” colors of black, Burgundy, Burnt Umber Brown, Evergreen Green, and Persian Blue, as shown in the table below.

But although the table represents the known catalogued colors, it remains impossible to prove that any given pen model was never made in colors other than those catalogued. The Pastel Blue Touchdown TM Sentinel shown here (engraved with the name MARTHA) is proof that Sheaffer did indeed produce these pens in at least one uncatalogued color.

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Touchdown TM Colors
Color Name

Jet Black Jet Black
Burgundy Burgundy
Burnt Umber Brown Burnt Umber Brown
Evergreen Green Evergreen Green
Persian Blue Persian Blue
Pastel Blue (“Aqua”) Pastel Blue (“Aqua”) — uncatalogued

Touchdown TM Metals
Color Name

Stainless Steel (Sentinel, Clipper, Sovereign) Polished Stainless Steel (Sentinel, Clipper, Sovereign)
Gold Filled (Triumph, Crest), Gold (Masterpiece) Gold Filled (Triumph, Crest), Gold (Masterpiece)

Notes:
  1. The FTC’s 1945 ruling forbade “unconditional” warranties altogether if there was a fee. L. E. Waterman and Parker challenged the ruling, but Waterman withdrew its petition in 1946. Parker fought on, and the resulting 1948 court judgment softened the ruling. (The prohibition remained on the use of the word “unconditional.”)

  2. The following abbreviations appear in the model table: GF for gold filled, and 2T for two-tone gold (with plated tines).


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